Xanax, like other prescription drugs, is only dangerous when it is misused. It has a very short half-life which lasts from between six and twelve hours, which means this is the time needed for the drug’s blood concentration to decline to half the peak value once a single dose has been administered. However, due to metabolism and DNA, its effects on individuals will vary.
When taken this drug is rapidly metabolized and then transmitted to the brain. It then elevates the functions of GABA (gamma Aminobutyric acid) which causes the cells to receive additional chloride ions. This results in the person taking the drug quickly becoming relaxed, and is also one of the features that make Xanax so addictive.
At first, this drug will amplify the effects which are produced by the GABA, but after a few weeks, continued Xanax usage will typically cause a reduction in the generation of GABA. To obtain the initial effects which were experienced when the drug was taken for the first time, the dosage must be increased to make up for the lower GABA production. At this point the individual has developed a tolerance for the drug.
How People Become Addicted To Xanax
Xanax is a legally prescribed drug which is taken by people who are suffering from anxiety, depression or panic attacks. When doctors prescribe this medication they will almost always instruct their patients to take specific dosages, usually smaller ones. However, the soothing effects which are associated with this drug are too effective for some. They like the drug so much that they find themselves wanting more of it, and then steadily increase their dosages beyond what their doctors have recommended.
The FDA only approves of Xanax usage for no more than eight weeks, but it isn’t uncommon for doctors to prescribe it for longer than this. This is referred to as “off label” usage, and due to the tremendous demand and money which is involved with the sale of this drug, it is one of the most popular benzodiazepines on the grey market. If a patient who has developed an addiction to Xanax but can’t get it through a doctor, they will get it from someone else.
Withdrawal from Xanax
If an addict finds themselves without Xanax, either because their doctor refuses to prescribe it to them and or they’re unable to find an illicit source to purchase it from, then they will begin to experience withdrawal. This will often manifest itself in the form of a very powerful panic attack, which may be accompanied by tremors, accelerated heartbeat, delirium, hallucinations, seizures and confusion.
Xanax withdrawal is the most dangerous aspect of this substance because those undergoing these symptoms will take any Xanax they can get their hands on; in dosages that can easily lead to an overdose. Withdrawal from Xanax is something that should only be done under the care of professionals. A detoxification will need to be performed and more important, long term therapy will need to be enacted to make sure you can live your life without this drug.