Heroin, which is also known as diacetylmorphine, is a derivative of the morphine alkaloid that comprises opium, with the difference being that it’s much more potent. Heroin is an extremely addictive substance that provides increased levels of euphoria. In its purest form, heroin appears as a white powder with a taste that is bitter. It sometimes has a brownish appearance and may be cut with other substances such as starch or sugar. Heroin may also appear as “black tar” and will be firm with a darkish color.
Heroin addicts will usually inject the drug directly into their bloodstream, but it can also be smoked or sniffed like cocaine. Users also have the option of taking it orally. Injection is the preferred method as it provides a faster and more powerful high. Regardless of the method that is used to take it, heroin can become highly addictive. Heroin can be extremely dangerous because it is difficult for addicts to gauge its strength, meaning it’s easy to overdose and die. Heroin is considered a Schedule 1 drug in the U.S. and as such it has no medical usage which is acceptable.
Warning Signs of Heroin Addiction
Shortly after heroin has been injected, the user will experience a warm flush across their skin, as well as dry mouth and a feeling of heaviness in certain areas of their body. Users will enter a state of euphoria, after which they will be in a state of drowsiness and wakefulness simultaneously. The mental functioning of the user will be clouded, and below are additional warning signs to watch for:
- Feelings of nausea
- Pupils which are constricted
- Muscle spasms
- Slow or shallow breathing
- Convulsions or seizures
Side Effects of Heroin Abuse
Heroin addiction can lead to a number of dangerous side effects. Because injection is the preferred method of use, users that share the same needle could transmit hepatitis or even HIV. Those who use heroin regularly may develop tolerance which means that they must consume larger amounts in order to reach the same level of intensity. Some users may also have toxic reactions to any impurities that may be present. Some of the other side effects which are associated with heroin usage include:
- Collapsed veins
- Inflammation of the heart valves
- Spontaneous abortion
- Overdose leading to coma or death
- Sleep deprivation
- Pain in the muscles or bones
If you or someone you know is struggling with heroin addiction, it is best to seek heroin rehab services in South Florida as soon as you can, that way you can increase the chances of achieving recovery. A number of treatment options are available for heroin, and whichever one you select, you will be assessed based on your addiction level once you enter the intake phase. This allows you to opt for the best treatments based on your needs.
For instance, medical drug detox programs can be implemented, after which you will attend counseling meetings for your addiction. The cost for heroin rehab may vary based on the treatment facility you select, but in most cases, insurance can be selected as a method of payment.
Overcome your heroin addiction today by signing up with NeuroPsychiatric Addiction Clinic. You can reach us by email or phone and we will get you started on the path towards total recovery.