Cocaine, which is known by street names such as coke or blow, is a psychoactive stimulant which is extremely addictive. It will usually appear in the form of a whitish powder. The powdered version of cocaine is usually consumed by snorting through the nose or dissolving it within water and then injecting it directly into the bloodstream. Cocaine is a recreational drug which is considered illegal in many countries, and in the United States, it is considered a Schedule 2 substance.
Cocaine is one of the most abused substances globally. In addition to snorting and injecting it into the bloodstream, users can also smoke or even rub it into their mucous membranes. When consumed, users receive a “high” which may last from fifteen to thirty minutes. Addicts will typically take cocaine repeatedly within short time intervals to maintain their high. This behavior is referred to as “binging.”
Warning Signs of Cocaine Addiction
Individuals who use cocaine will showcase a number of warning signs. Some of these include euphoria with a dramatic increase in energy, as well as lower fatigue and a heightened state of alert. Cocaine users will typically be extremely talkative and extraverted, and may have a reduced need for food or sleep.
Cocaine is extremely addictive because unlike other drugs, its psychoactive and pleasurable effects only last for a short period of time, after which the user must take more in order to sustain the effect. This leads to increased tolerance for long term users, meaning progressively higher dosages must be taken to receive the same high. Additional warning signs may include:
- Feelings of restlessness
- Increased irritability
- High anxiety level
- Feelings of paranoia
- Experiencing hallucinations
Side Effects of Cocaine Abuse
There are many side effects which will be experienced by those who consume cocaine. Some of these include blood vessels which become constricted, dilated pupils, and a higher temperature. Cocaine use may also lead to complications such as chest pain, and in extreme cases respiratory failure. Cocaine abuse can also lead to various cardiovascular problems or even strokes. Those who die from cocaine overdoses will typically experience cardiac arrest and seizures. Additional side effects to watch for include:
- Increased heart rate
- High blood pressure
- Headaches and seizures
- Abdominal pain
- Nausea or other gastrointestinal issues
- Bleeding nose
- Loss of smell
Hundreds of thousands of people in the U.S. are receiving treatment for cocaine addiction. If you know someone who is struggling to break free from this substance, or you need help yourself, it is important to find cocaine rehab services as quickly as possible. This way you have a better chance of achieving successful recovery.
There are a number of treatment programs that can be used for cocaine addiction. Some choose inpatient programs while others will opt for outpatient treatment. Once you’ve selected your preferred method of treatment, during your intake phase, your level of cocaine addiction will be assessed by experts. They will then select therapies which can best help you overcome your addiction, and you might also be provided with counseling sessions. Paying for cocaine rehab can be costly, but many insurance companies will cover it if self-payment is not an option for you.
Take the first step today towards living an addiction free life by contacting us at NeuroPsychiatric Addiction Clinic!