Bath salts are a type of designer drug which stimulates the central nervous system. It is comprised of a number of ingredients, including pyrovalerone or mephedrone. Bath salts are sold in powder form, usually in small packets, and may appear white or yellowish in color. The rush which is achieved from its consumption is quite similar to methamphetamine. While most users choose to consume this drug by snorting, it can also be smoked, injected or swallowed. Most bath salt dosages will range from five to twenty milligrams. In the past, bath salts were easily found at convenience stores and gas stations, but due to its abuse as a drug its availability has been restricted.
Bath Salt Addiction
Bath salts are extremely addictive, and like other drugs it will induce tolerance in those that use it. This means that addicts must take progressively larger amounts in order to achieve the same rush. The cravings for this drug are very similar to that which is experienced by methamphetamine users. Because bath salts may be produced with other additives, its addictive potential may be much higher than normal.
Warning Signs of Bath Salt Addiction
Bath salts differ from drugs like crack in that when a user consumes them, the high will last for a much longer period of time. When taken orally, bath salts can produce a high which may last as long as 4 hours, after which the user will experience a heavy crash. In some cases the effects from bath salts can even last as long as 8 hours. There are a number of warning signs which are associated with this drug, which include:
- A rapid heart rate
- High blood pressure
- Increased body temperature
- Agitation or convulsions
- Extreme panic attacks
- Sleep deprivation
Side Effects of Bath Salt Abuse
There are a number of dangerous side effects associated with this substance, some of which are fatal. It isn’t uncommon for those who use this drug to wind up in an emergency room. Bath salts disrupt the dopamine reuptake process within the body, and can also cause muscle spasms and a faster heart rate. Blood vessels may become constricted, and users may also experience seizures. As with PCP users, those who are high on bath salts can become extremely aggressive. Additional side effects which are associated with this substance consist of:
- Hallucinations and psychosis
- Paranoia and irritability
- Tachycardia and panic attacks
- Damage to the kidneys
Bath Salt Rehab
Addiction to bath salts can be a very difficult habit to break. This drug in particular is very dangerous due to the ease with which a user can overdose. This is why it is so important for users to seek assistance. There are bath salt rehab services available which can help users obtain a full recovery.
Rehab can be undertaken via different treatment programs, including inpatient and outpatient care. Those entering rehab will be tested to determine the extent of their addiction, and this information will allow the staff to provide the appropriate level of care.
Contact us at NeuroPsychiatric Addiction Clinic, and take the first step toward overcoming your addiction for good!